Physiotherapy has always played a critical role in healthcare, but today, its role is increasing in importance even more, as new medications and techniques become available for patients with pain and functional disorders. It is a specialized component of standard medical care that helps patients make faster progress with better function after debilitating illness or injury.
An Important Healthcare Component
Physiotherapy is the use of special knowledge and techniques to assess, diagnose, treat and prevent a variety of medical problems related to movement disorders, as well as to general health. Physiotherapists’ knowledge of the bones and muscles, and how they work together to provide smooth and comfortable movement to the body, can aid in a variety of medical conditions for patients of all ages. This type of treatment is often used in cardiovascular medicine, cancer treatment, orthopaedic care, musculoskeletal disorders, sports injuries, neurological conditions and pediatric medicine. It can also help with occupational injuries and pain management. One such device uses metal rods that wrap around pediatric patients’ legs and torso to allow them to stand up and walk.
What Happens in Treatment?
Therapists use a wide range of exercises, devices and equipment to facilitate movement and strengthening in a variety of body areas. Therapy may include assisted movement, gait training, isometrics, massage, electrical stimulation, resistance therapy, cold therapy, traction and other methods that increase circulation, muscle strength and flexibility. Sessions may involve repeated therapies or a series of progressive therapies to help improve movement.
New Treatments for Knee Pain
Knee pain is a widespread problem for individuals over the age of 40 and for those who engage in athletic activities on a regular basis that put unusual strains on the structure within the knee joint. Lateral patellofemoral overload syndrome is a type of injury that occurs in runners, cyclists and other athletes whose activities put constant stress on the sides of the knee joint. A new treatment that uses botulinium toxin A and physiotherapy is showing promise as a new technique for patients who have knee pain that has not responded to currently available treatments.
New Technologies To Aid in Therapy
New robotic technologies will offer many new physiotherapy techniques in the future. Already, complex, technology-powered exoskeletons are offering improved progress for individuals whose movement been affected by accident and disease. These therapies are expected to be in widespread use in coming years, helping patients to improve their musculoskeletal function at a faster rate than current techniques.
The trend toward minimally invasive and non-surgical methods to deal with joint pain and other musculoskeletal problems is expected to create more extensive use of physiotherapy to help patients regain function. New techniques will undoubtedly provide new options for patients recovering from these debilitating conditions.